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MensajeForo: Pre 2GM / Pre WWII   Publicado: 15 May 2017 18:46   Asunto: Respuesta: La Gran Guerra, Black Watch

Bravo naveargos, un gran trabajo.
MensajeForo: Pre 2GM / Pre WWII   Publicado: 27 Jul 2016 10:18   Asunto: Oficial Britanico 1916.

British Officer on the Somme...

oficial británico durante la ofensiva del Somme julio de 1916.. Oficiales compraron sus uniformes y equipo de una medida aprobada, así que había un poco de elección, sobre todo en el equipo que escogieron para llevar en combate. He tratado de mostrar un traje típico.
La túnica es una modificación del DiD "John Colman", y todo lo demás está hecho por mí.

When I first started getting serious about 1/6th , building an accurate Great War figure was hard. There were the Sideshow figures , but most of the parts were poorly cast in PVC .The uniforms could be worked on , but other items had to be made , converted , or got from elsewhere. Things have got better since then , with the arrival some years ago of Albert Brown and the other nations’ figures from DiD. As always with DiD, there are caveats , but he’s an excellent basis for making an improved figure, without having to go through the serious business of making the 1908 webbing from scratch.
What with my major rebuilds of Sideshow, and more recently DiD, I now have quite a collection of ordinary Tommies.



An Officer , however, has been quite a challenge, since there’s not much available to get you started . The DiD John Colman figure is about all we have. He’s not wildly accurate for 1940, but actually quite a good fit for 1914 / 18 .
Officer’s uniforms were privately purchased, so there was some variation . That particularly applies to making field equipment, since the trend was from the official leather Sam Browne items in 1914, to more webbing as the war went on, either in the form of OR’s webbing modified for officers, or the new Mills set for officers, which emerges in 1916/17 . This figure has the Sam Browne type, partly because I wanted him to be able to double for early war .



I wanted my officer to show the full field kit worn when making an attack, which is uncommon in photos.



The jacket can be the starting point .
The cuffs need retailoring ( unpick cuff , remove shaped cuff piece, and recut as scalloped flap ), add cuff lace ( painted ”lacet” ) and rank pips, in this case 2nd Lieutenant ( painted cloth ) , and he needs a pair of collar dogs. Shoulder ranking is also possible , since in many Regiments it became the norm for the junior officers. That was part of the trend to make the officers less conspicuous , which included them wearing ORs jackets and webbing and carrying rifles.



It was not universal , however .
Breeches are retailored : they varied from scarcely flared, to extremely so; and in colour from drab to a buff so pale it’s almost white. Gaiters, trench boots, or puttees, with puttees commoner amongst junior Infantry officers.



Detailed sourcing ...
Cap : Onesixthunique Officer’s trench cap.
Helmet : TB Brodie casting, with custom cover and liner as private purchase helmet.
Shirt : DML. Tie made from cotton tape.
Jacket : DiD Colman,cuff lace from 2mm lacet painted, insignia specially sculpted, new buttons .
Breeches : custom from a sort of miniature whipcord fabric.
Puttees : woven tape painted, to represent Fox’s puttees, the usual officers’ purchased type.
Boots : DiD Colman


Now in the trench setup:






Binocular case is DML repainted, new strap.
Sam Browne custom in leather, brass fittings from TB.
Haversack , pistol case containing TB metal Webley MkV, map case, waterbottle , stick etc, all custom, made from cotton, leather, brass wire etc.
The whistle and pistol lanyards made from model ship rigging cord. The gas hood case from cotton and tape, DML buttons.



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MensajeForo: SOLDADOS DE ESPAÑA   Publicado: 05 Jul 2015 16:16   Asunto: Respuesta: Regimiento Asturias.

Excellent , and very original.Such an interesting and neglected epoch.
MensajeForo: Edad de la Polvora   Publicado: 20 Jun 2015 11:11   Asunto: Respuesta: Private, Coldstream Guards At Waterloo

I paint the brush carefully , with a small brush !
MensajeForo: Edad de la Polvora   Publicado: 19 Jun 2015 21:37   Asunto: Private, Coldstream Guards At Waterloo

Un soldado de la segunda Coldstream Guards que defendieron el Castillo de Hougoumont hace 200 años Durante la batalla de Waterloo. Es miembro de la compania tiradores. Ellos éxito Defended los edificios frente a una amplia fuerza de infantería francés, y creación de una historia épica de la valentía y la resistencia.
El modelo está completamente custom .


The 2nd Guards at Hougoumont

I very nearly let the Waterloo 200th anniversary go unsung, but with a mad rush I have just managed to squeeze this chap in on the day .




The centre of the battlefield was dominated by two groups of buildings : La Haye Saint in the centre, on the road to Brussels which bisected the Allied postion, which was held by Light Troops of the KGL; and the Chateau of Hougoumont , on the Allied centre right, a larger complex of buildings surrounded by woods and orchards.
It was held by the Brigade of Guards, who posted all their Light companies ( from the 1st , 2nd and 3rd Guards , nowadays the Grenadier, Coldstream and Scots Guards ) in the buildings, and the remainder of the Battalions on the ridge above.

When asked once about the most crucial event of the battle, the Duke of Wellington suggested that the man who closed the gate at Hougoumont ( Col. MacDonell of the Scots Guards ) probably played the vital role. Hougoumont kept a very large force of French Infantry engaged in futile attacks against it for most of the day : while it held, his line was not going to be turned. Quite why the French bothered is another matter, since they could have bypassed it , but the fact is that they seemed fixated on it on the day .

The Guards battalions engaged at Waterloo were far from veterans , and they probably contained more newly drafted young men than some of the Line battalions .
Despite the generally held notion that all British common soldiers were scum ( especially since Cornwell’s novels encouraged that pernicious idea) the reality was a little different : sure, there were plenty of hard cases in some battalions , but since the bulk of men were now volunteers from the Militia, and those for the Guards were especially selected from those , they were quite smart and respectable men , already trained , rather than the sweepings of gaols.



Guards battalions were larger than those of the Line . At Waterloo , the 2nd Coldstream fielded just over 1100 men. The Light Company would have been well up to strength , with over 100 men , who were trained in open order skirmishing and shooting at targets. To that end they were equipped with a special model of musket, the New Land Pattern Light Infantry model, fitted with sights and an elaborate trigger guard. Aimed fire with a smoothbore is very effective up to about 80 yards, but beyond that you are unlikely to hit an individual. The trees surrounding the chateau meant that the attackers emerged at very close range, making them difficult to miss, and the defenders had the priceless advantage of hard cover , which they had had a few hours to prepare.



During the day the 2nd Guards centre companies were sent down to reinforce the garrison, bar two who remained on the ridge with the colours , and they defended it all day , despite the dreadful moment when the French broke into the courtyard, and the later fire in the roof, which made parts of the buildings unapproachable. And when the final Imperial Garde attack swept past them up towards the ridge , the Guards centre companies were lying down four deep in Line up there ,and rose up 30 yards in front of them and lashed them with devasting volleys. The Garde halted , convulsed, then turned about , beginning the collapse of the French army .




The figure:

He’s a DML body, one of the taller ones, so he’s actually 5’11” tall. I’ve called him Matthew Akers, recently volunteered from the Berkshire Militia, persuaded by the very substantial bounty and the prospect of some excitement, something he is unlikely to find in the Militia. He may regret that decision by later in the day.

When you start a project like this , you need to plan it all and do quite a lot of reading , to check out all the details. The sources don’t agree perfectly , and some details we shall never know, but the main outlines are clear. There are a couple of early articles in Military Illustrated which have been very helpful . The jacket pattern comes from an article on existing soldiers’ coats , of which there are about eight .

His uniform is very similar to the Line version , but has a couple of small distinction, with the lace in plain white worsted, and wings of facing colour rather than red.
The jackets were made from heavy broadcloth , lined in white kersey, with dark blue facings and tin buttons, and worn over a white flannel sleeved waistcoat and a large linen shirt, the collar of which was confined by the polished leather stock .




The weather was really strange in 1815, because of the explosion of the Tambora volcano in April filling the world’s atmosphere with dust . The Waterloo campaign seems to have been hot , very humid and thundery with torrential storms, which must have made the outfit pretty unbearable, but I suppose they were used to it.
The trousers ( “ pantaloons “ ) were grey woolen, cut very high at the waist, with a fall front and braces. It was long thought that the 2nd Guards wore white linen trousers, but recent research has established they wore grey on campaign like the rest of the battalions. The famous Dighton painting ( above ) was done when they were occupying Paris, by which time they wore their white summer trousers . The shoes were heavily hobnailed ( BGT ) worn with short grey cloth gaiters.



The cap or shako was the 1812 model, with a false front copied from a Portugese style. Made of felt with a leather peak and decorated with a brass plate and a festoon of worsted cords. The Light Company wore green cords and tuft ,and may have had an additional buglehorn badge over the main plate with the Garter Star , the badge of the Regiment. Most of the time the ornaments were stuffed inside( along with tobacco etc ) and the cap was covered with a waterproof oilcloth cover. Pics of both.



The crossbelts are from buff leather, 2 & 5/8” wide by this date, with the bayonet in one, and the pouch , attached in the Guards by two brass buckles , on the other.The pouch has the Garter Star.
The haversack is linen , 21” wide and 12” deep, much bigger than shown in most illustrations. The canteen is wooden, with the man’s name and company scratched on.






The knapsack is the 1811 model, which can now more certainly be reconstructed (not the completely spurious “ Trotter “ knapsack which never existed) and clearly shown in the Dighton painting.
I’ve followed the dimensions given by reconstructors, but I confess it looks a bit big.



The messtin is carried in its linen cover on top, with a rolled blanket. Greatcoats were not carried in this campaign.

I made the musket some years back for another light infantryman, so I got the original cast this time... available from me !



Most of the armies had spent the night in the open in torrential rain, lying in their blankets in the mud. The rain stopped and the sun came out, but they must have been pretty filthy by the time the battle started at 11 am. The Guards Light companies , however, were probably sheltered in Hougoumont, being stationed there the previous evening, so might have been slightly less filthy when the fighting started.
During the attacks the Coldstream Light Company was stationed at the end of the lane to the west of Hougoumont, beyond the kitchen garden, adjacent to the north gate .

The price of victory was high. Of 1100 men in the ranks of the 2nd Guards in the morning, by nightfall there were 55 dead, and 249 wounded .

MensajeForo: Edad de la Polvora   Publicado: 01 Mar 2015 20:26   Asunto: Seaforth Highlanders 1890

Seaforth Highlanders 1890

Un Highlander de gala en 1890, en el apogeo del Imperio Británico.
La versión militarizada del vestido de las tierras altas de Escocia original había llegado a su clímax de lo absurdo y esplendor.
Un soldado de los montañeses de Seaforth, un nuevo regimiento hecho de la fusión de dos regimientos viejos Highland, la 72ª y la 78ª.
Él está usando equipo completo, ya que podría haber aparecido para las maniobras de campo en Servicio de Inicio.
El nuevo equipamiento "Slade-Wallace" se modificó para llevar la munición para el nuevo rifle revista, el Lee-Metford, el primero de la serie longeva y exitosa de 0.303 fusiles Enfield.
Partes de este equipo todavía se usan para la gala de hoy.
Todo el uniforme y el equipo está hecho a medida.



In the early 20th century there was a tremendous vogue for collecting coloured cigarette cards, which were often illustrated with colourful subjects such as “ Regiments of the British Army “. Many of the original artworks for these were collected a few years back into a fine book by Schiffer, which was kindly given to me by Andy Sheppard some years back. It’s been quite an inspiration ever since. Unashamedly inspired by such postcards, this figure shows the last full dress worn by Highland Regiments in the late 19th century and in the Edwardian period leading up to the Great War.



That one showing musicians, whose rig was slightly grander than the ordinary private.

Highland dress is a kind of operatic version of what had once been a simple regional peasant dress , a trend which has been followed in the military of many nations : one only has to think of Hussars , Zouaves and Cossacks. Highlanders were recruited for the army as early as 1740, and very quickly started a stylisation of their dress which took it far from the original.



The origins of Highland dress are very obscure , the earliest definite depictions being from the 16th century . Despite the enthusiasm of Gaelic folklorists, we don’t really know how old it is, though its simplicity suggest antiquity .It’s basis is a large piece of cloth, the great plaid, straight from the loom and worn draped around the person, with parallels with the Roman toga.It acted as main garment , cloak and bed. But history does not record its use earlier, so the rest is speculation.
Originally , the kilt itself was just made by pleating the lower part of the great plaid . As early as the 1760s that was being replaced by the little kilt,cut from old plaids, which became formalised by 1800 into the kilt much as we know it today.



The real formalisation of the military outfits takes off in the 1820s after George IV’s visit to Scotland , which spawned the whole fashion for everything Scots and Romantick, and from then on it all got rather out of hand, with special Scots doublets, enormous hairy sporrans ( just a purse originally ) and the fantastic mutation of the flat knitted bonnet into a feathered monstrosity nearly two foot high, along with dirks, skian dubhs, cairngorm brooches and buckled shoe.The whole confection achieves a decidedly impressive if sometimes ludicrous air. What saves it from comedy is that it was worn by some very hard men .
They were Victorian icons , personal favourites of the Queeen , and perhaps given more attention than their exploits deserved ( at least the rest of the army thought so ) but they were always in the public eye as the ideal of the Imperial soldier . Countless magazine illustrations depicted them , and by 1900 they were a “brand” known round the world , but by the 1890s they were no longer made up entirely of real Highlanders , since like all regiments they recruited pretty well anyone suitable. Their ranks contained men from all over the home countries, with a heavy preponderance of Scots.

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I’ve set my figure in the 1890s, earlier than many of the postcards, because I wanted also to show the Slade-Wallace equipment, which was introduced in 1888 just before the issue of the first magazine rifle, the Lee-Metford.This replaced the Valise equipment familiar from the Zulu War. There were detail changes later, mostly to the pouches as they were adapted for different ammunition , but the belt and braces remained normal as parade dress well into the 20th century.
Our figure has the full field kit, with haversack , waterbottle, messtin and valise, as well as pouches and bayonet. The greatcoat is carried rolled at the back.
The Seaforths were a recently amalagmated regiment, with the combination of the 72nd and the 78th, and to avoid strife they wore both collar dogs from the parent units.
The kilt is Government tartan with overstripes of white and red, known as McKenzie .



The feather bonnet mystifies many people : it’s actually the old flat knitted bonnet ( like a beret ) stretched and stiffened up into a dome, with ostrich feathers applied all over the surface, then five feather tails attached to swing at the side. It weighs very little, since it’s mostly feathers and air .



Believe it or not , men actually took part in field manouvers dressed like this as late as the 1890s ( I have a postcard showing Guards changing station by routemarching from London to Aldershot, wearing full dress and field equipment as late as 1904 ) . From 1900 it was usual to wear something more practical, keeping this splendour for parades. In the field of course, khaki uniforms were normal after the Egyptian expedition of 1881/2 , and by 1914 Britain probably led the way in the modernity of her soldiers’ field kit , especially after the salutary lesson of the Boer War .



Making the figure...
A slow careful undertaking , because I wanted to keep him clean and sharp, which can be surprisingly difficult when handling a figure a lot.
DML body with legs anatomised to insert Sculpey knees.
Bonnet blocked from felt , with marabout feathers. The tails are cut from a miniature feather boa and sewn on the top. Cockade from stiffened silk with pewter stag badge.



Doublet from scarlet and white brushed cotton , with BGT plastic buttons. On the left forearm are his long-service and marksman badges .
Kilt from Sideshow with painted overstripes. Pin out the kilt on a cork board so it’s taut, then add the white stripes using a fine white paint pen and a ruler. Same for red stripes then overwork them in red.
Sporran from leather, brass cantle, mohair beard and tassels.
Hose from a T-shirt, painted.
Spats from white cotton, Fimo buttons.
Slade-Wallace equipment in goatskin with brass fittings cast for me in Birmingham, with the very smallest brass pins used as rivets. Some buckles from brass wire.
Valise is gloss-painted canvas edged with leather.
Haversack white cotton, rolled as you see it.
Waterbottle cast resin with felt cover.
Messtin is cast metal, with oilskin cover.
Lee-Metford Rifle in resin.





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And a final one showing walking-out dress :~




Thanks to Jim Farnham for the kilt.

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MensajeForo: Edad de la Polvora   Publicado: 31 Ene 2015 11:58   Asunto: A British Dragoon 1743 .

A British Dragoon 1743


Thomas Brown, un soldado del Tercer Regimento de Dragones, como podría aparecer en la batalla de Dettingen en 1743. Se portó muy valientemente, rescatando una bandera que había sido capturado por los franceses, pero fue herido de gravedad en el proceso. Se retiró del Ejército en una pensión, y abrió una posada en su pueblo natal, en Yorkshire, pero murió tres años más tarde a consecuencia de sus herida. Es típico de la caballería de la época, tanto armados con una espada y un fusil y un par de pistolas.


The Battle of Dettingen, June 10th 1743 , is chiefly memorable as the last battle in which a British King was present in person .
Accounts are rather vague, which may be because bad things happened which are perhaps best glossed over….the training of the troops seems to have been inadequate , with horses bolting in all directions , including the King’s.
The French , initially succesful in driving back the Allied Line , were driven off, enabling the Allied army to continue its march.

You can read an excellent account here…

http://www.britishbattles.com/battle_of_dettingen.htm

The 3rd ( King’s Own) Dragoons were founded in 1685 ( later the Third Hussars, whose modern inheritor unit is the Queen’s Own Hussars ), were typical of the Line cavalry of the time.



Despite their designations as Dragoons, and a certain amount of training in musket drill , they very rarely dismounted in battle , being tactically indistinguishable from any other type of Horse .
The King's Own Dragoons were placed on the left flank of the Allied army, with instructions to protect an infantry force as it advanced. Exposed to French artillery fire for three hours, where it suffered heavy casualties, the regiment was eventually ordered to advance, and clashed with a larger force of French Household Cavalry .
After a fierce engagement and more casualties, it drove off the French . Shortly after this, the French army was forced to retreat, and the remnants of the regiment participated in a general pursuit .[

One of its privates, Thomas Brown, had an eventful day .
Because of the artillery fire, he had two horses killed under him. When mounted on his third in a melee with the French cavalry , a nearby Cornet carrying a colour was killed, and Thomas retrieved it from the ground .As he remounted, a French trooper cut off two fingers of his left hand, and losing control , his horse bolted into the French lines, where the standard was taken from him by a Gendarme.
He somehow retired from the fray, recovered his composure, then rode back into the French, where he pistolled the Gendarme and recovered the flag , rammed it between his leg and the saddle and rode back with it, in the process receiving eight sword cuts and two musket balls in his back .



For his outstanding courage he was offered a commission, which he could not accept because of his illiteracy . There is a myth that he was made a Knight-Banneret by George II in person, but alas there is no evidence to substantiate it . But he was given a pension of £30 per year , and he retired after the battle because of his injuries, and opened a pub in his birthplace of Kirkleatham in North Yorkshire , but only lived three years before succumbing .
An engraving was made of him which makes his frightful injuries all too apparent.




The uniform is based on the 1742 Cloathing book , and a modern Pierre Turner plate in Michael Barthorp’s indispensable “ British Cavalry Uniforms 1660…“ , which gave me the idea in the first place. The basics of the uniform come from the information in that book.



Saddlery :

Before the sealed patterns of the later 19 century, we have to make intelligent guesses, because the real objects don’t survive , and the paintings are ambiguous . I have followed the 1:1 reconstructions made for re-enactors by Stuart Lillie. The saddle is little changed from that used a century earlier, or even now in Spain and Portugal.
Made of leather over a wooden tree ( I use walnut ) and padded with tow. It has a pillion , a little extra saddle behind the main one, on which the rolled cloak rests. The elaborate housings were embroidered .





Uniform :

Each Dragoon carried two large pistols as well as musket and a basket-hilted broadsword .



The hat conceals a secrete , a cross-shaped iron head protector .
The coat is fairly plain compared with the Foot , with simple yellow cord buttonholes and the unusual mid-blue facing colour.
The pouch and belt are buff , with a separate powder flask on a cord.
He wears a shoulder knot of yellow cord, which denoted a Corporal in the Foot, but all Dragoons wore them , perhaps as a mark of the superior status of Cavalrymen .



Making the figure :

The body is an HT slim. They sit a saddle beautifully.
I have reconstructed his pre-battle face from the engraving as best I can. His hair is mohair .
All the uniform cloth is brushed cotton , dyed and then painted to perfect the colour, and to stiffen it .
The buff leather is goatskin, the coloured leather is calf specially thinned.
The pewter metalwork modelled and cast by me ; brass work modelled by me , then cast in Birmingham by Beechcast .
Boots are wet- moulded leather , jacked into shape over a former, stained and sewn up the back like the originals.



The basket-hilted sword was a bit of a nightmare, since it had to be cast in bits and soldered together, a tricky business since it might melt… but I got away with it !
I have since discovered that there is a surviving brass-hilted sword possibly associated with Thomas Brown . But I’m not going to change it now !
The dating of mid-18th c swords is very imprecise anyway , since there are no official patterns in use, just Regimental ones .
The musket is the Short Land Pattern with a wooden ramrod, which was originally the Dragoon-length weapon , adopted by the Foot after 1768 .

The embroidered ornamentation on the housings and holster caps is embroidered by hand , then overpainted to tidy it up.

The horse:

“Mad Jack “is a heavily rebuilt Cindy horse, made longer , wider and taller with plastikard inserts and with an entirely new head and neck. Black horses with savagely docked tails were the norm at the time .




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MensajeForo: SOLDADOS DE ESPAÑA   Publicado: 19 Ene 2015 14:50   Asunto: Respuesta: Rocroi, El Último Tercio

Superb, bravo !
MensajeForo: Pre 2GM / Pre WWII   Publicado: 24 Ago 2014 11:11   Asunto: Mons, August 1914, 4th Royal Fusiliers .

MONS
Corporal, 4th Royal Fusiliers.


MONS
Corporales, cuarto Fusileros Reales.
Este fin de semana es el 100 º aniversario de los primeros enfrentamientos entre la Fuerza Expedicionaria Británica, el BEF y el Ejército Imperial Alemán alrededor de la ciudad belga de Mons.
Entre los primeros batallones que han de intervenir, a las 7 am del día 23 de agosto fue el cuarto Fusileros Reales, un regimiento de Londres. Este batallón contenía muchos hombres mayores que eran reservistas retirados de sus empleos civiles. Ellos formaron el centro de la posición británica, y defendieron un puente vital en el pueblo de Nimy. Se vieron obligados a retirarse a las 2 pm, pero no antes de infligir terribles bajas a los alemanes. Fueron galardonados con dos VCs como consecuencia de los combates del día, el primero de la Gran Guerra.
La figura utiliza el uniforme y el equipo de la figura Did Albert Brown, muy modificada.

This weekend is the 100th anniversary of the first clashes between British Expeditionary Force , the BEF , and the
Imperial German Army around the Belgian town of Mons.

The BEF arrived on the 21st , cavalry patrols clashed on the 22nd, and on the 23rd nine and a half British Battalions along a nine-mile front fought all day to hold off four German Divisions from von Kluck’s First Army. They inflicted appalling casualties on the very brave Germans , but were forced back by numbers.
This photo of the 4th Royal Fusiliers was taken in Mons on the 22nd. They look suitably hot and bothered.



Right in the centre , just north of Mons around the village of Nimy, the 4th RF were engaged defending an important bridge over the Canal du Centre , from about 7am until forced to withdraw around 2pm .Lieutenant Dease, their machinegun officer, won the first VC of the war holding off the Germans while the rest of the battalion made its withdrawal. He was wounded many times, and when he died his Maxim was taken over by Pvt. Sidney Godley,who was wounded and captured , and also given the VC .
The 4th Royal Fusiliers were reservists, and thus older than most regular soldiers , in their thirties rather than their twenties, having served their time with the colours but who were liable for recall in the event of war . They were experienced, steady men, but often out of condition. The campaign thereafter developed into a continuous fighting retreat , marching all day in very hot weather, with men suffering badly with sore feet .



The figure :~
This is mostly from DiD “Albert Brown”, his uniform subtly recoloured , and with new buttons , a new cap , improved equipment and a new rifle, a correct SMLE.Mk.III, with the volley sights and magazine cutoff.
I’ve made a limited batch of these in resin .I make my own putties from brushed cotton, which is much nearer the coarse woolen texture of the originals than the DiD tape versions .
He has photoetch shoulder titles for “ RF “ .



I’ve replaced all the coarse tape on the1908 webbing with something finer and more in scale . The cartridge pouches are still symmetrical , since it was during this campaign they discovered that the lower left hand set needed stronger fastenings, the clips falling out when men lay down or leant against a bank. For the rest of the war the left pouches were produced with an extra strap : anyone doing a Tommy from later in the war needs to bear this in mind .
The cap is still the stiff-topped variety, which didn’t outlast the autumn, being replaced by the “ Gor-Blimey “ soft trench cap in the coming winter.
He’s dumped his greatcoat as too much to carry, hence the near emptiness of his large pack. Doubtless, if he survives , he will have to pay for it , but just now he has other things to worry about...



The Royal Fusiliers had always been a London Regiment , based at the Tower, where their Museum , I believe, still exists.

Here they are forming at camp before being loaded on trains for embarkation .




This figure has gone to Taiwan for Weylen’s Taipei exhibition, hence the rather rushed pics.

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MensajeForo: Antigüedad   Publicado: 06 Jul 2014 10:28   Asunto: Respuesta: Domestici Equites, Campaña Contra Los Persas 359

Superb historical reconstruction, Bravo !
MensajeForo: Edad de la Polvora   Publicado: 20 Jun 2014 21:16   Asunto: English Soldiers At Flodden 1513

SOLDIERS at FLODDEN 1513.

Dos soldados ingleses de la gran batalla en 1513.
Un ejército escocés recién equipada y muy grande bajo el rey Jacobo IV invadió Inglaterra, mientras que el principal Ejército Inglés invadía Francia bajo el reinado de Enrique VIII.
Capturaron a un par de castillos, entonces tomó una posición en una colina grande y esperado la respuesta de Inglés.
Un Ejército Inglés se obtuvo de todas las regiones del norte de Inglaterra, incluyendo a hombres como estos dos soldados de Yorkshire y Lancashire, y la batalla se le unió.
Los escoceses estaban armados con lanzas muy largas, en la nueva moda, sus hombres más ricos de las primeras filas llevaban muy bien las armas, y atacaron cuesta abajo.
Estaban en primera exitosa a la derecha, pero sus grandes formaciones de piqueros fueron desordenadas por un pantano en el centro.
El Inglés, armados con los arcos y las podaderas tradicionales, tiene dentro de sus formaciones y los destruyó.

Estas viejas armas continuaron en soldados ingleses useby fecha tan tardía como 1550, cuando las viejas armas fueron reemplazadas lentamente por el nuevo.
El arquero se basa en una ventana pintada original en una iglesia, uno de los más antiguos monumentos a los soldados en Europa.

Two English soldiers from the great battle .

Just a little late for the 500th anniversary , but you know how it is…
My apologies to my Scots friends for even mentioning this battle , but you get your Bannockburn anniversary this year.
An account is here..

http://www.1513club.co.uk/history/

The Batttle of Flodden was a clash between new miltary technology and older methods, one of those very rare events where the dominance of new weapons was reversed .It was a very big battle, the Scots fielding perhaps 27,000 men, the English more like 15,000.

The very able King of Scotland, James IV, had promised the French to support them in the case of war with England. To that end, he had imported advisers and weapons from Europe , and remodelled his army after the latest European thinking.
Traditionally, Scots had armed themselves as spearmen.
They were now retrained to use the pike, a longer 16 foot weapon requiring coordinated drill and a level field to be truly effective. Used under those conditions, it had carried all before it in European wars for the last forty years , chiefly in the hands of the Swiss, who had defeated the pride of armoured chivalry and opened a new era of Infantry supremacy. If pikemen maintained formation, they seemed both defensively unbeatable, and offensively unstoppable.

The Scots took to it dutifully, and backed it up with an expensive train of the latest bronze-cast artillery . They also invested in a great deal of armour, as a way of protecting the pikemen against their old bugbear , the English bow. The back ranks of course, who were the poorer men , had to make do with more improvised defence , and would have resembled this man , based on detailed description of a few years later :




(Thanks to Neilson Innes and the Pinkie Cleugh Society for that pic ) .
Basically padded linen armour , reinforced with chains along the limbs , a cheap helmet and small shield.

In the summer of 1513 , Henry VIII had invaded France with his main army.
The Scots thus duly invaded England , captured some castles, then sat down as a provocation in a very good defensive position on Flodden Hill, just a couple of miles inside the English border.
The English , led by the Earl of Surrey ( so old and arthritic he travelled in a cart . I know how he felt…) who had been awaiting the invasion, quickly raised an army in the time-honoured way by calling out all the retainers of the northern counties of England , assembled it at Newcastle , and marched north to meet them .
They then manouvered round the Scots , getting between them and their escape route to Scotland.
The Scots went about face, and occupied Branxton Hill, facing north.
As the English approached, the Scots’ artillery opened fire, but for some reason shot too high.

Despite what you see in films, cannon balls do not explode , and it’s incredibly hard to see the fall of a roundshot unless the ground is dry and dusty .It was very wet, so no bounce, and shot fired downhill tends to bury itself rather than bounce anyway .They probably couldn’t see where their shots were landing.
The smaller English guns replied, firing slightly uphill , and faster , silenced the Scots guns , then cut great lanes in the Scots pike blocks standing on the hill .

Goaded by this fire , the Scots had no real choice but to attack .

They came down off the hill in echelon of three great blocks of pikemen, against three hastily reorganised battles of English who were in shallower but wider array , and entirely made up of men-at-arms, billmen and bowmen , the front ranks well armoured men-at-arms with polearms, with some 1500 light horse as a reserve.

The English arrows made little impression because of the armour worn and pavises carried by the front ranks , and the first Scots battle rolled over its English opponent, sending it in rout .The English horse reserve of Border lancers , however , charged the victorious Scots in flank , and after a stiff clash the fighting ceased , as by mutual consent, and the first Scots battle withdrew back up the hill, and the Border lancers drew back to their own line.

The larger second and third Scots blocks , however , hit an unseen bog at the base of the hill, and got into disorder, enough for the English billmen to get inside their pike points.
There followed a hideous close quarters hacking match, lasting nearly an hour , which the English won, since once disarmed of their pikes the Scots had only swords. Their deep square formations also put them at a disadvantage, since the wider but shallower English battles probably wrapped round their sides, trapping a lot of men uselessly in their centres.

The fourth body of Scots, kept on the hill as a reserve , was largely of unarmoured highlanders, who were surprised in flank by Stanley’s Lancashire archers and billmen, who climbed unseen up the side of the hill , and made short work of them in a hail of arrows .

The Scots’ losses were tragic and catastrophic : their King , almost the whole of their nobility and something like 9000 others , having a profound effect on their society for the next thirty years .
It became big enough European news for the German engraver Burckmaier to make this woodcut .





You can see James IV lying left foreground. Interestingly the Scots are shown dressed in short coats in the German Landsknecht style , the English in long, but I don’t think we can draw too much information from that !
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The figures :

The Yorkshire Billman :~




The keeping of personal retinues by noblemen been suppressed under thirty years of Tudor rule , but there were some professional soldiers in the English army, particularly in Surrey’s retinue and with the Admiral , his son , who landed soldiers from the English fleet .
But most of them like this man were essentially part-timers , called out by their local masters to serve, for pay, for a particular campaign , as they had for centuries. To use a bill required no great skill, but a certain bodily strength . Some of them were small tradesmen from towns, including York . He’s stopped for a snack in Newcastle.



He has an old helmet ( about forty years old, and lacking a few rivets ) and a jack of plates , the cheapest kind of armour, of similar vintage. The iron plates inside several layers of canvas are held in place by cord sewn in a lattice, and proof against most things short of a bullet . The bill is the typical English type, and he has a short sword, an eating knife and food bag , and his cloak tied in a bundle for the march.
PIC helmet
He wears a white coat , the standard issue to English troops in the 15th and 16th centuries, since it was undyed cloth and thus cheap.The cap is one of several styles known as Milan bonnets, either knitted or made from felt.




He’s made of various fabrics , felt for the cap , mostly brushed cotton for the coat, doublet and hose. I tried putting some metal plates into his jack, but it was all too cumbersome , and in the end I compromised by making it of several layers of linen , with the stitching added by hand. His helmet is Fimo , as is the head of his bill .

The Lancashire Bowman

....is remarkable because of the detail we can reconstruct, very unusual for the period .




In Middleton church in Lancashire ( near Manchester ) is a unique memorial window, the first such pictorial war memorial in English history , showing Ralph Assheton and his company of archers. The men, who are probably captains of companies, are named , and are shown wearing blue livery coats.
The legible names included; Henricus Taylyer, Richard Wyld, Hughe Chetham, James Gerrarde, John Pylkyngton, Philipe Werburton, William Stele, John Scolefede, James Taylier, etc.
I bet you could still find those names in the local telephone book .The window probably dates to around 1515 .




Since they were , like most inhabitants of Lancashire , retainers of the Stanley family, I have added the eagles claw and crowns of their livery badge, which is described as being worn at Flodden in a ballad .



He has his arrows in an arrow bag, and a bracer based on an original one, and his clothes are a bit more fashionable than the billman, with a slashed yellow plackart to his doublet , beneath the coat. He has a falchion and a bollock knife for eating .Archers had to practise, which made them much closer to being professionals , but it’s uncertain whether the Stanleys maintained their men fulltime .

Both our men probably rode from home on little nags, which would be consigned to the baggage park once the battles were arrayed.



The army was accompanied by large numbers of carts, for all the spare arrows, artillery ammo and food that were needed in what was a wilderness .

His bow is yew , and the arrows are headed with pewter cast heads , and fletched with pigeon feathers . So far I have managed to shoot one about twenty feet……..but the bow is too strong to get the figure to hold it at draw !



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MensajeForo: Edad de la Polvora   Publicado: 05 Ene 2014 00:02   Asunto: Grenadier Of The 23rd Royal Welch Fuzileers 1743 .

Un granadero británico de la batalla de Dettingen, 1743.
Hice esta figura como un reto, debido a la complejidad del uniforme. No fue una batalla muy importante, pero el soldado es típico de la época, cuando los uniformes en la mayoría de los países europeos eran muy ornamental.
Él es un granadero del famoso Regimiento 23, titulado Welch Fuzileers, que descendió de tropas especializadas que se utilizan para proteger la artillería. Eran un regimiento muy famoso y exitoso, y su descendiente moderno es el Regimiento Real de Gales.
Él lleva el casquillo bordado típico de Granaderos, y está armado con un fusil de largo, bayoneta y espada. Él lleva el equipo de campaña de una mochila de piel de cabra, una mochila de la lona para la comida, y un comedor de estaño para la bebida.
Todo está hecho a medida.

A GRENADIER OF 1743.
Something from the most elaborate period of uniforms , just for the challenge…

The 23rd Royal Welch Fuzileers were a highly distinguished Foot regiment , with a record of Battle Honours second to none.
Their modern inheritor is The Royal Welsh Regiment.
They were at Dettingen in 1743 , and later at Minden in 1759 were one of the six Regiments who made the memorable advance against the French Cavalry.
They were later heavily engaged throughout the American Rebellion .



The Battle of Dettingen, June 10th 1743 is chiefly memorable as the last battle in which a British King was present in person .
It seem to have been a confused affair , with mediocre generalship by both sides, and not a great deal of glory for anyone.
You can read an excellent account here…

http://www.britishbattles.com/battle_of_dettingen.htm

Our man is a Grenadier, who stood on the right of the Battalion, a select company of supposedly the biggest and bravest.
The actual use of grenades had lapsed, but the grenadiers still carried the emblems of that role, including a cap , a large pouch ( big enough for grenades as well as cartridges ) and a match case , which is the brass object on the front of his pouchbelt . Such Grenadiers were normal in all European armies and evolved as elite stormers in the siege warfare usual in the late 17th century. By the mid 18th , they were just the picked men of the battalion.



As a Fusilier regiment, all the soldiers wore the cap rather than the hat , but the Grenadiers used a slightly larger version .
( Fusiliers were originally an artillery guard armed with flintlocks ).
He has an oak sprig in the top, a field sign of Allied armies in Germany .





He also has an expense pouch worn on an extra narrow waistbelt, of leather moulded round a lightly curved wooden block .
Grenadiers also still carried swords at this date , though they were on the way out, and often discarded in campaigns soon after.
Many grenadiers carried basket-hilted swords , but the Morier painting shows the 23rd with a simple iron hilt, and a surviving 23rd sword from America is in brass, which is what I have chosen here.
The musket is the Long Land Pattern with the 46” barrel , which remained standard until the 1760s. The sling is worn loose .

As campaign equipment he carries haversack , tin canteen and a cowskin knapsack .Rations were mostly beef and bread, and each man was entitled to a gallon of beer per day, though obviously on campaign they had to make do with whatever was locally available.



The uniform is very elaborately laced , with worsted lace coloured in a regimental pattern of stripes . Stitching this together must have been a lot of work, and one pities the poor regimental tailors who had to fit and lace the new coats every year. The old coat was stripped and turned into a waistcoat .The cloth was very thick, and the whole coat weighed about twelve pounds .
As a sometime historical tailor myself , they have my sympathy. I reckon such a coat would have taken at least four days work to make .Mind you, the heavy cloth doesn’t fray , so edges tend to be just cut rather than turned in , which certainly makes less work than using modern materials.



Making the figure :~
This sort of complexity is only really possible with a lot of preparation and planning . The detail comes from two sources, the 1742 Cloathing book, and the Morier painting, which was done a little later at the end of the 1750s.



There is also this one, undated but earlier, which I believe shows a Fusilier of the Regiment with a slightly smaller cap with a different design. He has no match case, suggesting a centre company man.



They both wear white parade gaiters, black or brown being worn on campaign.

I make my uniforms from brushed cotton , dyed then painted, cut to original patterns where they exist , reconstructed where they don’t .The lace is painted 2mm lacet with coloured lines added with fine pens .
Buttons in pewter.
His cap is embroidered like the original : I know that sounds terrifying, but if you go about it carefully it can be quite fun.
I mark out the design on a much larger piece of cloth with chalk , then paint it , then embroider over the paint to get the 3D effect, then touch up with paint again before cutting it out. Some of it can be done on the machine, but it needs finishing by hand. But given how small it is, there’s not much area to cover.




The musket was made previously, and cast in resin with pewter fittings.
The equipment is goatskin, with brass buckles which I have had cast in Birmingham.
Calfskin over wooden blocks for the pouches.
His hair is acrylic , and plaited in the original style, the plait tucked up under the cap .




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MensajeForo: Edad de la Polvora   Publicado: 12 Oct 2013 19:21   Asunto: Un Arquero Ingles 1545

Mary Rose Archer.

Un arquero de los restos del Mary Rose Inglés de 1545, sobre la base de los hallazgos arqueológicos. El barco se hundió rápidamente en el puerto de Portsmouth durante una acción contra la flota francesa, y gran parte de su estructura y contenido se conserva en el fondo del mar. Ahora se han excavado y conservado. Entre los hallazgos fueron 137 arcos completos, y cientos de flechas, los únicos ejemplos conocidos de la famosa longbow Inglés. Hubo también prendas de vestir, zapatos, y miles de objetos de la vida cotidiana, así como los esqueletos de muchos de la tripulación.
La figura es totalmente hecho a medida, y en base a esta arqueología y pinturas contemporáneas.


An English bowman from the wreck of the Mary Rose of 1545 , based on the archaeological finds.
The new Museum containing the ship and contents has recently opened at Portsmouth , and I for one hope to visit soon.




That's the contemporary painting of the ship from the Anthony Roll.

I’ve followed the whole astonishing project since it started in the 80s, and have actually helped reconstruct this fellow in 1:1 already.



Thanks to John and Jonathan Waller for the pic.

Until this epic find, the real nature of the English medieval bow was a mystery, since there were no survivors. There was a lot of misty-eyed nationalistic tosh ( there still is ) but no-one knew what they were really like.
The recovery of 137 intact bows, and a lot of arrows, has clarified the whole subject wonderfully, and there is now a thriving group of heroes shooting replicas : the English Warbow Society .
As an ex-archer myself I have always taken a keen interest in the whole topic, and only wish that I could still physically manage to shoot.



The wreck provided more than just bows. The surviving arrows were headless and flightless, but they were stowed in leather discs, allowing a clear picture of how they were handled in numbers and issued : in sheaves of 24, in “ clips” if you like . There were also bracers, several leather jerkins, shoes, and even the skeletal remains of archers have now been identified by the damage they inflicted on their shoulder bones and necks.



Archery was in its final glory in the 1540s.
The Battle of Pinkie in 1547 was pretty well the last major field where it was significant. It continued in use at sea until 1600, but on land firearms, which could be used effectively by any starveling boy trained for a couple of hours, were taking over. A bowman took years of physical training to produce, and they were proud specialists demanding respect and proper pay, which they got.
The physical part was crucial.



The draw-weights of medieval bows had long been speculated on , but the MR finds settled the matter. Most of them are between 90 and 130 lb, with some heavier bows up to 160 or more amongst them. To draw these repeatedly and accurately needed real strength and technique, like that acquired by weightlifters , and constant practice. Most recreational longbow archers today draw 40 to 50 lbs, and even that needs practice if you are to avoid hurting yourself.
So archers were big men , well fed and astoundingly strong .



On shipboard their role was to clear the decks and tops of opposing ships, and to shoot fire arrows, a crucial weapon at sea. The very heavy bows found on the MR might have been used for that job in particular, because a fire arrow can be a heavy missile .

The Figure:
The body is some HT clone, quite heavily built, though they would not have looked like modern bodybuilders . The “ walnuts-in-a-condom” appearance so beloved of modern media is all cosmetic , a fantasy fuelled by cartoons ( and steroids ), and has not much to do with strength. The strongest man I have ever met was big, but not notably muscular . Four of us helped him pick up a stone slab weighing about 300 lbs and watched him carry it out to a van….

He’s wearing a shirt ( linen ) with a collar with long points,the latest style ; a doublet of purplish brown, and some bicoloured hose.The Vanguard of the army that went to France during this war wore hose in these colours, but whether the archers on board were uniformed is not known.The hose are the normal sort worn between 1500 and about 1550, with” upper stocks and nether stocks “tailored separately, sewn together above the knee . The uppers are made from three layers decorated with slashing.
The shoes are copied from the numerous pairs found on board : I have a pair myself .The leather jerkin is a reconstruction from the rather fragmentary finds , made from a Morrocco handbag . The hat is a knitted bonnet moulded from felt. He doesn’t wear armour, since it’s a handicap on shipboard, though much was still worn on land. The bulwarks of the ship provided protection enough.



The bow is made from yew.
Alas, I can’t find a piece of the right size with heartwood and sapwood like the originals, so I’ve painted it to get the two-colour effect. It was undoubtedly the best wood, and has been used for bows since the Neolithic. In fact , the yew bow design has scarcely changed since then , though the late medieval examples are heavier.
Mine works : it will shoot an arrow about 20 feet.






The arrows from barbecue skewers, tapered and fletched with pigeon feathers, and fitted with cast bodkin heads.
The green colour is from the glue coloured with verdigris used to hold the feathers on , thought to have been protection against vermin in stored arrows.

One problem with having a working miniature bow is that the figure is not quite up to the job of drawing it : it’s rather stronger than he is ! I have reduced its draw-weight as far as possible to accommodate him, but he can’t hold it at full draw long enough for a pic.



His arrows are carried in an arrow bag, reconstructed from the surviving leather discs on the MR and early drawings . The leather disc keeps the fletchings separate, the linen bag is waxed to keep them dry. The sheaves of 24 arrows might have been issued in these, but we can’t be sure, and maybe they were just in bundles in the dics alone.He has some taken out and stuck in his belt, which is always the easiest way to hold them when shooting.
His sword is a simple , early type of knucklebow hilt.
He wouldn’t need to carry a cloak , snapsack nor waterbottle since he’s on shipboard .



The set is just an impression : I make no attempt at precise accuracy, since I don’t have any detailed information. The upper parts of the ship didn’t survive, but doubtless someone somewhere has done a plausible reconstruction .In paintings, the upper decks are shown bordered by rows of pavises painted with heraldic badges. The overhead anti-boarding nets were fitted on the evil day , and contributed greatly to the casualties by trapping men when she went down .
The Mary Rose was in brand spanking-new clean condition , have just come from harbour having been rebuilt, with the addition of new gunports. She only made it a few miles before flooding though a lower gunport and sinking in moments.

An appalling tragedy in 1545 , but a glorious gift to us now.

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MensajeForo: Pre 2GM / Pre WWII   Publicado: 31 May 2013 19:36   Asunto: British Yeomanry Cavalry , Palestine 1918.

Yeomanry cavalry, Palestine 1918.

Un trompetista de la Royal Gloucestershire Húsares, que era un regimiento de caballería de la milicia desde el oeste de Inglaterra.
Ellos sirven con distinción durante la campaña de Egipto y Palestina en 1917/1918.
En los espacios abiertos del desierto, la caballería era muy eficaz, que funciona realmente como infantería montada.
General Allenby levantó una gran fuerza de caballería del Imperio Británico, incluyendo a los indios. Australianos, neozelandeses, así como los regimientos británicos.
Este "Desert Mounted Cuerpo" se utiliza para activar el flanco interior de la línea turca, y luego atacar a sus comunicaciones de retaguardia, mientras que la pieza de infantería de su ejército y atacó a cabo su primera línea.
El RGH se encontraban en la misma formación que el caballo ligero australiano, famoso por su carga en Beersheba (la película "The Lighthorsemen " recrea la batalla).
La campaña tuvo éxito, derrotando al ejército turco, y la captura de Jerusalén y finalmente Damasco.

La figura muestra un trompetista, Stan Carter, que estaba en el Escuadrón "B", y que en su vejez me enseñó a tocar la trompeta. Él era un amigo de mi infancia, y me contó muchas historias de esta campaña.

Todo está hecho a medida, excepto el rifle.


I previewed this figure last year when I was still struggling to complete some of the detail.
He’s a Trumpeter from the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars , a Yeomanry cavalry regiment that saw service through the Palestine campaign, for the most part as one of three brigades in the Australian Mounted Division
The RGH were a classic English Yeomanry outfit , officered by Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire gentry ( some of them titled ) , obsessed with foxhunting and rural sports .The troopers varied widely in social background , from gentry sons and wealthy farmers , to poor but horse-wise countrymen .



Personal:~

I have known about this campaign since I was twelve, when I started music lessons with a man who had been there : Stan Carter , then a rotund 60-something baker in Somerset. I had recently toured Egypt, Sinai and Palestine with my family, so the landscape was very familiar .
He had had the time of his life as a trumpeter in the RGH , serving throughout the campaign, from Egypt up to Damascus .
My Thursday afternoon sessions with him mostly dissolved into reminiscence , about the Arabs, the desert, shooting down a German plane, charging Johnny Turk (they thought highly of their opponents ) , seeing Lawrence of Arabia in Damascus ( “ a very small man, which was a great surprise “ ).
I was enraptured…...he was a sweet man , and I remember him with great affection.
Unfortunately I don’t have a pic of him , so the “portrait” is an act of reconstructive memory, imagining how he might have looked at twenty.





History:~

On the Western Front in WW1, the Cavalry were effectively obsolete. Despite some dashing skirmishes in the first month before the front disappeared into trenches, the machine gun , barbed wire, and the sheer density of the armies in the obstacle-strewn countryside condemned them to impotence , waiting behind the lines for the breakthrough that never came .
Their only role was as mounted infantry, since the opportunities for a proper charge in the face of modern weapons were vanishingly small.
It happened, but the cost was ghastly .

The situation in the war against the Turks in Egypt was slightly different.
By late 1917 , there was stalemate along a trenched front at Gaza , where two offensives by the British Empire forces had failed, for the same reasons as in France .
But the desert flank was open…

Enter Major-General Allenby .
Allenby’s desert campaign is now regarded as a textbook example of how to outmanouvre a more static enemy, a sort of horsed blitzkrieg .
Despite the appearance of a few tanks at Gaza ( they broke down ) Allenby’s weapon of manouvre was cavalry .
He created the Desert Mounted Corps , made up of no less than 30 mounted regiments from ANZAC and British Yeomanry units .
The Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade famously charged and captured the desert end of the Turkish line at Beersheba in October 1917 ( see “The Lighthorsemen “ film ).
The RGH were brigaded with the Warwicks and Worcesters in the Fifth Mounted Brigade in the same Division .



Once round and through the Turkish Line, the mounted columns could always move faster to vital road and rail junctions than the Turkish Infantry, and were strong enough to hold their objectives until Infantry arrived .
Jerusalem fell in December.
The terrain in the desert was good for cavalry, being open and very difficult to dig trenches into ; once into the settled villages of the Judean hills, the broken nature of the country often allowed covered approaches to many positions.
There were several charges, including one at Huq , which captured twelve guns,( RGH in support ) and at El Mughar , which was more in the nature of a fast mounted advance, the troopers dismounting to attack with rifles and bayonets.The charges were expensive in horses and men, and the vast bulk of their fighting was as mounted infantry .
The RGH had a success at Romani, but a disaster at Qatia, where “A” Squadron was overwhelmed and almost entirely killed or captured by a much larger Turkish force.( Stan was I think in “B” Squadron ).

Each squadron had two Maxim or later Hotchkiss machineguns for fire support , and often for anti-aircraft work , since they suffered a lot from strafing by German aircraft .
The chief problems were getting enough water and food, and maintaining communications in a world without radios .Disease was a constant hazard, and in this theatre more men were affected with various tropical ailments than battle wounds.

The campaign took several spasms, particularly after the German Spring 1918 offensive forced the return to France of half the troops .
There was also the overriding problem of supply , since everything had to come from Egypt , and it was necessary to build a railway , and a pipeline to bring up water.
But the advance restarted later in the summer, culminating in the capture of Damascus in September 1918 , and the Turks suing for an Armistice.


The Figure :

The horse ( “ Binky “ ) is a rebuilt Cindy Horse : split lengthways and horizontally, made longer and wider with sheets of Foamex( foamex is expanded polystyrene sheet used for making signs, which glues together with liquid poly ).
Legs lengthened with inserts . Newly modelled head and neck, using Efaplast Light air-drying clay over a foamex armature.
All rubbed down, coated with fine-surface Polyfilla , then painted.



The horses were all originally brought from Britain, but losses were inevitable in the climate , and replacements were Australian Walers, not very big but extremely tough , and perfectly suited to desert conditions .

The basic saddle ( 1902 Universal Pattern ) is by Cesar Dubon , with all fittings and equipment added by me. I had a fit of the horrors after commissioning this that they might have used the Yeomanry pattern saddle instead ; then reassured myself when I found a couple of original pics clearly showing the UP .
The front wallets contained spare personal clothing.
Leather from Paris, all fittings modelled and cast in pewter or brass.



Attached to the saddle or horse : flyveil ,UP bridle , 90 rd. bandolier, rifle in leather bucket with canvas breech cover . Messtin, 1908 sword, shoecase , picket peg and rope, canvas bucket, nosebag , haynet, heel shackle, two cornsacks, respirator , steel helmet, greatcoat, groundsheet, two blankets under the saddle .




On the man :
1903 bandolier equipment, waterbottle,
Trumpet and Bugle ( brass castings to my own pattern ).

Trumpeters officially carried pistols, but all the WW1 pics I have found show them carrying rifles and bandoliers like the troopers, so that’s what I’ve done here.
The Wolseley helmet has the blue and yellow pagri edge , and the portcullis Regimental badge ( from the Duke of Beaufort’s arms ) which the RGH used as distinctions, along with the RGH shoulder titles.
The KD hot weather jacket is from BGT, with the brass trumpeter badge. In the colder weather they of course wore serge SD , and often caps instead of helmets , and in hot weather mostly shirtsleeves and shorts .

The Royal Livery trumpet cords are plaited from embroidery silks.
I made them before seeing this pic, which suggest ordinary green cords ! Nobody seems to know which they officially used. Oh well…




Stan himself is a Soldier Story body with shortened legs , and narrowed shoulders . The squishy bottom and leg articulation make them my favourites for cavalry , since you can make them sit in the saddle quite realistically , something quite impossible with a Dragon body , for example .

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Getting together accurate information on the RGH has been a struggle, despite extensive digging in the usual places. Eventually I bought the pictorial history of the Regiment . I have also used pics of other Yeomanry units serving in the same Brigades and Divisions as reference .
The pics available suggest that they seem to have stowed their horses any way that suited .
The horses were overloaded, as always , but they just managed to stay operational by very careful management.
The British had learnt their lesson about looking after horses in the Boer War , where they lost about a quarter of a million .



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Thanks to the many people who have helped with this model …
Cesar for the saddle. PAD75 for the leather .
John Morgan for invaluable details about the tack .
Bob Bennett and Eric LeBlond for badge and uniform info.
Rollo Clifford for the useful RGH book. Allan W for the pic of the “Judean hills “.






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MensajeForo: Pre 2GM / Pre WWII   Publicado: 07 Abr 2013 12:14   Asunto: Respuesta: Debit De Tabac

Fantastic. Excellent in every way.
 
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